Mid-October - early December
This is the debut of the season in Antarctica, which means that the dry landing sites appear more pristine, the pack ice starts to break up and melt, and you’ll experience a clear, white landscape. The melting ice also enables the expedition vessels to navigate the Antarctic waters more easily. In addition, this is a great time to catch the entertaining courtship rituals of penguins and seabirds, while fur and elephant seals begin to mark their preferred territories. Early on in the season is a good time for excursions on the Antarctica Peninsula such as ice trekking, as there is less wildlife to see but more opportunities to experience the stunning icebound landscapes. October is the best time of the year for photography, with fewer expedition ships in the waters, snow and ice at their most pristine, and fantastic wildlife encounters in South Georgia and the Falklands in particular. Spring flowers also begin to emerge in the latter two locations during this time.
Late December - January
This season sees the longest periods of daylight – in excess of 20 hours - combined with the warmest temperatures, making it a popular time to visit. It also provides great lighting opportunities, even at midnight! This is also prime penguin hatching season, starting in the Falkland Islands, and latterly in Antarctica. At the same time, you can start to see seal pups taking their first brave steps onto the ice floes in the Falkland Islands and South Georgia. Whale watching season also begins at the end of this period, with sightings on the increase throughout January.
February - March
This is the end of the Antarctic summer and the receding ice allows for much easier access to the southernmost regions. It is also during this time that whale watching is at its best, particularly orca and minke whales and the best spot is around the Antarctic Peninsula. During this time adult penguins start to moult, whilst the chicks leave their rookeries. The Peninsula generally also sees more fur seals during these months.