Highlights and main attractions of Baffin Island
A spectacularly remote land of dramatic scenery, Baffin Island features rugged mountains contrasting the flattest lowlands, and coasts that start with sheer, icy cliff drops. Just begging to be explored, this is the fifth largest island in the world, and the largest in Canada, separated from the mainland by the Gulf of Boothia, Foxe Basin and Hudson Strait.
The estimated population of this 507,451 square kilometre area is approximately 11,000, of which around half live in Iqaluit - the capital and a majority of whom are Inuit. Along the eastern coast, the Arctic Cordillera runs, dominated by alpine mountains, characterised by sharp peaks and ridges, alongside the occasional flat-topped mountain. This forms a shield, which then slopes to the west to form a sedimentary basin. The two largest ice caps on the island - Penny and Barnes - have smoothly rolling terrains. The west of the island is typically closed throughout the year, however the east is open to tourists in the summer, allowing you to explore this fascinating winter wonderland of glaciers, icebergs and crystal streams.
In the summer waters, harp seals, walrus and beluga whales make an appearance, as well as the fascinating narwhals, known for their long spiralling tusks.