Starting at the northwest coast and sprawling across the north-central province, Wilpattu enjoys a diversity of landscape from coastline banked by white sands to open grassland and dense forest that creates an equally diverse mix of wildlife. Animals you stand a good chance of spotting include elephant, spotted dear, sloth bear, barking deer, mongoose, water buffalo and possibly leopard. The rivers are home to crocodile and freshwater terrapins, and the network of Villus makes it an area with huge birdlife diversity. Endemic species such as woodshrike, peacocks, brown-capped babbler, Sri Lankan jungle fowl and black-capped bulbul can be seen, but there is also a great variety of owls, storks, cuckoos and terns, amongst others.
Access to the park from Colombo is via Negombo, approximately 55 kilometres and the ancient capital of Anuradhapura is just 25 kilometres east of the park.
The only current entrance to the park is located at Nochchiyagama via Puttlam.