highlights and main attractions of kaziranga wildlife sanctuary

Considered by many to be a bastion of biodiversity, Kaziranga National Park contains over two thirds of the world’s population of Indian one-horned rhinoceros, which has gone from just 12 in 1908 to an astonishing 1,700, granting it world recognition as a conservation success story. Declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985, the park lies in the flat plains and shallow swamplands that border the mighty Brahmaputra River and offers excellent wildlife viewing over 430 kilometres of land.  Scenically picturesque, it affords wonderful views toward the Karbi Anglong Hills to the south.

Located in the state of Assam in the far eastern reaches of India, the park is one of the most remote in India, with the nearest areas being Jorhat and Guwahati, the latter offering the best onwards connections. 

The park has several ‘ranges’ with the central range being most accessible and best wildlife viewing.

where is the kaziranga wildlife sanctuary?

flora and fauna

Whilst mainly known for its healthy rhino population, there are nonetheless other wildlife sightings to enjoy, including wild boar, Asiatic elephant, sambar, jackal, langur, wild buffalo, the endangered barasingha and swamp deer. The park is also said to have the best concentration of Bengal tigers at 86, but these are notoriously difficult to sight due to the tall grasslands and forest vegetation that camouflages them. One of the best ways to come up close and personal with the rhinos is by elephant safari, as they often manage to approach fairly close without the rhinos feeling threatened, a memorable experience that can be arranged locally. The river is also home to otters and dolphins, and Panbari Reserve, located near to Kaziranga, is also a good place to see primates such as capped langur and Hoollock gibbon. 

Birdlovers will find a large number of species, including some endangered, from grassland birds in the western range such as Bengal Florican, to water birds including spot-billed pelican, teals, Palla’s fishing eagles and white-eyed pochards.

The Brahmaputra River itself floods dramatically each year, meaning that travel here is seasonal between January and May, so please bear this in mind when planning your visit.

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