There are approximately 400 Babukahwe or San Bushmen who reside in Khwai, and they are actively involved in conservation and eco-tourism activities in the reserve. The diverse habitats within the concession include floodplains, savannah, riverine and gallery forest are home to a vast array of flora, fauna and birdlife.
The woodland areas are home to primates, leopard and bird species, whilst floodplains teem with game species such as zebra, buffalo, eland, sable, kudu, tsessebe and wildebeest. The woodland areas bring many elephants, and you may also catch sight of predators such as lion and leopard prowling for prey if you are lucky. Wild dogs are also known to den and breed in the area, particularly during the months of June and July.
Birdlife is also prolific with a total of 450 recorded species and keen ornithologists should keep a keen eye out for Verreux’s eagle owl, long-toed lapwing, Arnott’s chat and Senegal coucal.