Dar es Salaam, meaning ‘harbour of peace’, was originally founded in the 1860’s by Sultan Sayyid Majod of Zanzibar as a small port, yet after his death on 1870 it fell almost instantly into decline. Only in the 1880’s did it again resurface thanks to Christian missionaries, and then the German colonial government. Ever since then, it has remained the political and economical capital, despite the legislature being handed to Dodoma in 1973. Architecture still shows evidence of German styles, mixed in with British, Arabic and Indian, yet the city stays true to its Swahili roots.
Being close to the equator, right next to the warm azure waters of the Indian Ocean, there are some beaches nearby. The climate is typical of the area, tropical.
Temperatures stay around the 30 degrees centigrade mark all year, and there are two rainy seasons - the long rains in April and May, and the short rains in October and November.