Wildlife & natural highlights of the Indian Ocean
Made up of the coastal waters of three continents, and encircling many exotic islands, the Indian Ocean has an incredible variety of marine wildlife. The east coast of Africa boasts some of the planet’s most stunning coral reefs, and many marine parks and reserves protect these waters that teem with life. Coral reefs hugging the coastline of Kenya, Tanzania and Mozambique combine to create one of Earth’s largest fringing reefs that nourish huge populations of tropical fish, dugongs, sea turtles and sharks. Off the coast of continental Africa, Madagascar sits in the western Indian Ocean, and its surrounding waters provide one of the foremost breeding areas for humpback whales in the Eastern Hemisphere and are home to 55 species of sharks, 5 species of marine turtles, 300 types of hard corals and 1,300 types of bony fish.
From manta rays and sharks in Mauritius, to tortoises in the Seychelles and swimming with humpback whales in Reunion Island, the Indian Ocean isn't just about the beach.