Visiting Victoria Falls from Botswana
Victoria Falls is considered to be the world’s largest sheet of falling water. The waters of the Zambezi River, which forms a natural border between the southernmost stretch of Zambia and the north-western corner of Zimbabwe, split into three main arteries then spread out into numerous veins of water before plunging up to 108 metres over a fracture in the basalt plateau.
Higher than both Niagara Falls and Iguazu Falls and longer than the former, Victoria Falls is itself dwarfed by the spray it produces in the rainy season.
This is evocatively captured by the indigenous name for the Falls – ‘Mosi-oa-Tunya’, which translates as ‘the smoke that thunders’. It is, of course, considerably more descriptive than the English name, given in 1855 in honour of Queen Victoria by Scottish explorer David Livingstone, who is believed to have been the first European to see the Falls. Although Victoria Falls must be visited from either Zimbabwe or Zambia, the spray produced by the Falls regularly exceeds 400 metres in height and can be seen for miles around, including from the border with Botswana – some 50 miles to the west.