Early in the 1980s, rhinos in Uganda were completely extinct. Civil unrest alongside heavy poaching proved to be the sad demise of these magnificent creatures in Uganda. Thanks to Rhino Fund Uganda (RFU), established in 1997, they have been introduced once more, alongside the necessary education of communities and tourists to stop this from happening again.
In 2002 the RFU joined forced with Ziwa Rangers Ltd, leasing a 70 square kilometre area of land, with the intention of reintroducing rhinos to Uganda. It took nearly a year to prepare the park, the bulk of which involved the construction of the two metre high, solar powered electric fence that surrounds it. The first rhinos arrived in 2005; they were imported from Solio Ranch in Kenya and, as mentioned, there were none in Uganda to speak of, the last being seen in 1982 near Murchison.